Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
Anglický právník, sociální myslitel a teoretik morálky, zakladatel etického utilitarismu, jemuž dal i jméno. Podle Benthama může být morálka matematicky vyčíslena jako souhrn radostí a utrpení vznikajících v důsledku jakéhokoli jednání. Je proto třeba hledat takové modely chování, které jsou schopny zajistit pro co nejvíce lidí to největší potěšení s co nejmenšími útrapami. Jako právník se pokoušel o zdokonalení trestního práva a vytvořil projekt vzorného vězení. Výrazně ovlivnil morální filosofii Johna Stuarta Milla. Zemřel v rodném Londýně.

  • A Comment On The Commentaries And A Fragment On Government, 1977
  • An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation (Einführung in die Prinzipien der Moral und Gesetzgebung), 1789
  • Deontology, 1834
  • Securities Against Misrule And Other Constitutional Writings For Tripoli And Greece, 1990
  • The Works Of Jeremy Bentham, 1838-43
        (01)
                 - A Fragment On Government Or A Comment On The Commentaries
                 - A Table Of The Springs Of Action
                 - An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation
                 - Essay On The Influence Of Time And Place In Matters Of Legislation
                 - Essay On The Promulgation Of Laws
                 - Principles Of Penal Law
                 - Principles Of The Civil Code
        (02)
                 - A Protest Against Law Taxes
                 - Anarchical Fallacies
                 - Leading Principles Of A Constitutional Code, For Any State
                 - On The Liberty Of The Press, And Public Discussion
                 - Principles Of International Law
                 - Principles Of Judicial Procedure, With The Outlines Of A Procedural Code
                 - Supply Without Burden
                 - Tax With Monopoly
                 - The Book Of Fallacies, From Unfinished Papers
                 - The Rationale Of Reward
        (03)
                 - A General View Of A Complete Code Of Laws
                 - A Manual Of Political Economy
                 - A Plan For Saving All Trouble And Expense In The transfer Of Stock
                 - Defence Of Usury
                 - Equal Dispatch Court Bill
                 - Nomography, Or The Art Of Inditing Laws
                 - Observations On The Restrictive And Prohibitory Commercial System
                 - Pannomial Fragments
                 - Plan Of Parliamentary Reform, In The Form Of A catechism
                 - Radical Reform Bill
                 - Radicalism Not Dangerous
        (04)
                 - A Plea For The Constitution
                 - A View Of The Hard Labour Bill
                 - Bentham's Draught For The Organisation Of Judicial Establishments, Compared With That Of A National Assembly
                 - Codification Proposal
                 - Draught Of A Code For The Organisation Of Judicial Establishment In France
                 - Emancipate Your Colonies
                 - Jeremy Bentham To His Fellow Citizens Of France, On Houses Of Peers And Senates
                 - Panopticon Versus New South Wales
                 - Panopticon, Or, The Inspection House
                 - Papers Relative To Codification And Public Instruction
        (05)
                 - A Commentary On Mr Humphreys' Real Property Code
                 - Justice And Codification Petitions
                 - Lord Brougham Displayed
                 - Optical Aptitude Maximized, Expense Minimized
                 - Outline Of A Plan Of A General Register Of Real Property
                 - Scotch Reform
                 - Summary View Of The Plan Of A Judiciary, Under The Name Of The Court Of Lord's Delegates
                 - Swear Not At All
                 - The Elements Of The Art Of Packing
                 - The King Against Edmonds And others
                 - The King Against Sir Charles Wolseley And Joseph Harrison
                 - Truth Versus Ashhurst
        (06)
                 - An Introductory View Of The Rationale Of Evidence
                 - Rationale Of Judicial Evidence, Specially Applied To English Practice (I-IV)
        (07)
                 - Rationale Of Judicial Evidence, Specially Applied To English Practice (V-X)
        (08)
                 - A Fragment On Ontology
                 - Chrestomathia
                 - Essay On Language
                 - Essay On Logic
                 - Fragments On Universal Grammar
                 - Letters To Count Toreno, On The Proposed Penal Code
                 - Observations On The Poor Bill
                 - Securities Against Misrule
                 - Three Tracts Relative To Spanish And Portuguese Affairs
                 - Tracts On Poor Laws And Pauper Management
        (09)
                 - The Constitutional Code
        (10)
                 - Memoirs Of Bentham (I-XXII)
        (11)
                 - Analytical Index
                 - Memoirs Of Bentham (XXIII-XXVI)
    Kolektiv autorů: Encyklopedický slovník, Odeon, Praha 1993
    Kolektiv autorů: Filosofický slovník, Olomouc, Olomouc 1998
    Kolektiv autorů: Slovník spisovatelů, Libri, Praha 1996
    Kolektiv autorů: Universallexikon, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1988
    http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/b/bentham.htm